1859. exercise authority upon. Thus, the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over the Gentiles, and their great ones exercise authority upon the rulers of the Gentiles. Read more Share Copy Posted on August 18, 2011 by Chuck Gianotti. (25) Ye know that the princes of the Gentiles. Princes of the Gentiles lord it over them: tyrannize over those that are under them, by arbitrary and violent proceedings. He has no questions. Go to. Just before ascending to the Father in heaven, the Lord Jesus commissioned His followers to go and make disciples, of all the nations - teaching them to observe all things whatsoever He had commanded them, and then He made the most astonishing claim - and, lo, … BibliographyIce, Rhoderick D. "Commentary on Matthew 20:25". Sunday, September 24, 2017. 1897-1910. Accordingly, Jesus endeavours to check their ambition by insisting on the humble spirit of the servant as the way to true greatness in the ranks of His followers. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/gsb/matthew-20.html. Magistro non praesente , Beng.— κατακυριεύουσιν : in the Sept[113] used in the sense of rule, Genesis 1:28 , Psalm 72:8 ; here the connection requires the idea of “lording it over,” the κατὰ having intensive force; so also in the ἅπ . Either conquerors and usurpers, or the officers of state. See Mark 10:42. It imports the abuse of royal authority (see 1 Samuel 8:11., &c.) which God sometimes is pleased to permit for the punishment of men's iniquities. BibliographyZerr, E.M. "Commentary on Matthew 20:25". Matthew 20:20-28 Introduction Context 18:1-4 – Greatness in the Kingdom measured by the yardstick of humility 19:14 – Salvation belongs to those with childlike faith 19:21 – Self denial and giving are the marks of a true disciple 19:30, 20:16 – Selfless service is demanded. (1-2) A landowner’s workers early in the morning. Copyright © Broadman Press 1932,33, Renewal 1960. "Commentary on Matthew 20:25". xiv. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ebc/matthew-20.html. Jesus said, "You know that the rulers of the non-Jewish people love to show their power over the people. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/mpc/matthew-20.html. Matthew 6:23, ESV: "but if your eye is bad, your whole body will be full of darkness.If then the light in you is darkness, how great is the darkness!" (25) Ye know that the princes of the Gentiles.—No words of reproof could more strongly point the contrast between the true and the false views of the Messiah’s kingdom. FOR THE kingdom of heaven is like the owner of an estate who went out in the morning along with the dawn to hire workmen for his vineyard. "The New John Gill Exposition of the Entire Bible". "25 Jesus called them together and said, “You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their high officials exercise authority … BibliographyHaydock, George Leo. Matthew 20:25 25 But Jesus called them to him and said, h “ You know that the rulers of the Gentiles i lord it over them , and their great ones exercise authority over them . "Whedon's Commentary on the Bible". (St. John Chrysostom). the intensive force of the compound verb serves to convey the idea of oppressive rule. 1863-1878. Observe the κατα in composition in both verbs, signifying subjugation and oppression. Standard Publishing Company, Cincinnati, Ohio. κατακυριεύουσιν. Exercise lordship, lord it, over them, i.e., exercise tyrannical and arbitrary power. 2013. Matthew 25:7 Then all … Exercise dominion over them.—Better, as in 1 Peter 5:3, lord it over them. It is not so among you, but whoever wishes to become great among you shall be your servant, and whoever wishes to be first among you shall be your slave; just as the Son of Man did not come to be served, but to serve, and to give His life a ransom for many.”. "Commentary on Matthew 20:25". Bullinger's Companion bible Notes". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/rwp/matthew-20.html. Christ categorically denied any such pyramidal system of government any place whatsoever in his kingdom. It is first said that Christ called them to him, that he might reprove them in private; and next we learn from it that, being ashamed of their ambition, they did not openly complain, but that a sort of hollow murmur arose, and every one secretly preferred himself to the rest. This is not a case of poetry in which the meaning of the first clause is exactly duplicated in the second. BibliographyWesley, John. First published online in 1996 at The Restoration Movement Pages. The Jewish form of government, as ordained by God, was designed to exclude tyranny. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tfg/matthew-20.html. It is neither just nor reasonable, therefore, to desire precedency in the Church, without these qualifications. Commentary on Matthew 20:1-16 (Read Matthew 20:1-16 ) The direct object of this parable seems to be, to show that though the Jews were first called into the vineyard, at length the gospel should be preached to the Gentiles, and they should be admitted to equal privileges and advantages with the Jews. Copyright StatementThe Robertson's Word Pictures of the New Testament. of The Church has more than once ruined the State; the State has often corrupted the Church: it is certainly for the interests of both to be kept separate. Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament. "Commentary on Matthew 20:25". What does Matthew 20:25-26 mean? https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/hcc/matthew-20.html. But Jesus called them unto him,.... All his twelve disciples, perceiving that the same ambitious views prevailed in them all: to discourage which, and to prevent their quarrelling one with another, he called them to him, and made use of the following reasonings: and said, ye know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, and they that are great exercise authority upon them; appealing to them in a case that was well known by them, what the princes of the Gentiles did; or, as Mark expresses it, "they which are accounted", or "seem to rule over the Gentiles": who know not God, the King of kings, and Lord of lords, who neither serve and obey him, or have any dependence on him, but assume a power of governing others, take upon them to rule the nations of the world, and are acknowledged as such by them: these claim a superiority over others, and exercise lordly power over them; and they that are their great ones, their lords, and nobles under them; these also assert a preeminence, and exercise authority on those that are below them; which they have received from those that are above them: this is the usual way and method of the governments of the kingdoms of this world: wherefore, for the apostles to affect and desire a superiority to each other, in the kingdom of Christ, was to imitate the Gentiles, and to act according to worldly forms of government; which is very unsuitable to the followers of the meek and lowly Jesus, whose kingdom is spiritual, and not of this world. "But the wise took oil in their vessels with their lamps." Matthew 20:25. προσκαλεσάμενος αὐτοὺς, having called them to Him) They had been moved, therefore, with indignation when their Master was not present. here only and in the parallel passage Mark 10:42. All other rights reserved. {a} And that if this evil humour could possibly be purged out, there would be a sweet symmetry, a happy harmony of all hearts. 1765. He does not explain generally how deadly a plague ambition is, but simply warns them, that nothing is more foolish than to fight about nothing. St Peter, teaching the same lesson of humility, says (1 Peter 5:3), μήδʼ ὡς κατακυριεύοντες τῶν κλήρων ἀλλὰ τύποι γενόμενοι τοῦ ποιμνίου. Obtain power to enjoy power. 26 Not so with you. Now when he had agreed with the laborers for a denarius a day, he sent them into his vineyard.”. Diod. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tcc/matthew-20.html. "Commentary on Matthew 20:25". But the government of the Church admits nothing of this sort; for Christ allowed the pastors nothing more than to be ministers, and to abstain entirely from the exercise of authority. Calamitas nostra magnus est, Our harm is great, said Mimus concerning Pompey, the people applauding so handsome an impropriety. "The 1599 Geneva Study Bible". A servant seeks to meet the needs of others. BibliographyAlford, Henry. Used by Permission. "Commentary on Matthew 20:25". But it should not be that way with you. But these Church orders are founded on … 25. Sic. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/acc/matthew-20.html. This statement of Christ does not merely repeat a well-known fact for emphasis. Jesus has reported that he came not to destroy the law, but fulfill it.But in this verse, he makes clear that the common understanding of the Law is not enough. But Jesus called them unto him All his twelve disciples, perceiving that the same ambitious views prevailed in them all: to discourage which, and to prevent their quarrelling one with another, he called them to him, and made use of the following reasonings: and said, ye know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, and they that are great exercise authority upon them; appealing to them in a case that was well known by them, what the princes of the Gentiles did; or, as Mark expresses it, "they which are accounted", or "seem to rule over the Gentiles": who know not God, the King of kings, and Lord of lords, who neither serve and obey him, or have any dependence on him, but assume a power of governing others, take upon them to rule the nations of the world, and are acknowledged as such by them: these claim a superiority over others, and exercise lordly power over them; and they that are their great ones, their lords, and nobles under them; these also assert a preeminence, and exercise authority on those that are below them; which they have received from those that are above them: this is the usual way and method of the governments of the kingdoms of this world: wherefore, for the apostles to affect and desire a superiority to each other, in the kingdom of Christ, was to imitate the Gentiles, and to act according to worldly forms of government; which is very unsuitable to the followers of the meek and lowly Jesus, whose kingdom is spiritual, and not of this world. Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary. Finding the new version too difficult to understand? "E.W. College Press, Joplin, MO. In the sphere to which you belong, true greatness lies in doing service; that is the principle on which you will act. Here, to it ought to be observed, that the discourse relates to the thing itself rather than to the disposition. "Commentary on Matthew 20:25". Clarke's Matthew 20:25 Bible Commentary Exercise dominion - and - exercise authority upon them - They tyrannized and exercised arbitrary power over the people. The princes "lorded over" the people. "Commentary on Matthew 20:25". BibliographySchaff, Philip. Grotius takes the second as referring to the ἄρχοντες, and finds in the passage this sense: the rulers, monarchs, lord it over the people, and their grandees lord it over them, the rulers, in turn; a picture certainly often true to life. Jesus points out the inversion of earthly ideas in the Kingdom of heaven. 1832. This has already been abundantly exemplified in both cases, and will continue so to be, over the whole world, wherever the Church and State are united in secular matters. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/tsk/matthew-20.html. "The Bible Study New Testament". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/egt/matthew-20.html. Greatness In Serving: Matthew 20:25-28. As to the words which Matthew employs, the princes of the Gentiles rule over them, Luke conveys the same import by saying, they are called benefactors; which means, that kings possess great wealth and abundance, in order that they may be generous and bountiful. If one of you wants to become great, then he must serve you like a servant. "Commentary on Matthew 20:25". BibliographyEllicott, Charles John. Copyright StatementJames Burton Coffman Commentaries reproduced by permission of Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. ‘But Jesus called them to him, and said, “You know that the rulers of the Gentiles exercise lordship over them, and their great ones exercise authority over them” ’. Matthew 20:25-28 Matthew 20:25-28 View Full Chapter. In the Kingdom of heaven the ambition must be to serve not to reign; that Kingdom is in every way the reverse of the kingdoms of the world. Thus anyone who seeks for such a position is behaving like the Gentiles, and behaving like the Gentiles is synonymous with the worst possible type of irreligious behaviour (Matthew 5:47; Matthew 6:7; Matthew 6:32; Matthew 7:6). ministers of state, who are often more imperious than their lords. It was necessary so often for the apostles to be corrected in their erroneous notion of the kingdom of heaven, because they thought of it in the same light as the governments of the world. 1909-1922. Matthew 20:25. κατεξ. Matthew 25:6 And at midnight there was a cry made, Behold, the bridegroom cometh; go ye out to meet him. Used by permission of Broadman Press (Southern Baptist Sunday School Board). Lacking in the end the requisite moral strength, he remanded Christ over to the garrison for crucifixion, but not … Their great ones. --No words of reproof could more strongly point the contrast between the true and the false views of the Messiah's kingdom. Thus David, Hezekiah, and others of the same class, while they were the willing servants of all, used a scepter, a crown, a throne, and other emblems of royalty. BibliographyJ. Comp. What does this verse really mean? The Prep, kata (= down. αὐτῶν, are parallel, and αὐτῶν in both cases refers to τῶν ἐθνῶν. Od. Goodness is the only greatness. But Jesus called them unto him, and said, Ye know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, and they that are great exercise authority upon them. But Jesus called them to Himself and said, "You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their great men exercise authority over them. "The Fourfold Gospel". "George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary". https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/pnt/matthew-20.html. 1801-1803. Matthew 20:25. Not so with you. Matthew 20:25-28: Jesus called them together and said, "You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their high officials exercise authority over them. All rights reserved. 20:25-28) In the Kingdom of heaven he that will be the noble must be the minister or attendant; he that will be supreme must be the slave. πρῶτος] one of the first in point of rank, a sort of climax to μέγας, as διάκονος is to δοῦλος. BibliographyCoffman, James Burton. It is a novel compound formed perhaps for the sake of the parallelism. But Jesus called them unto him and said, Ye know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their great ones exercise authority over them. "The Adam Clarke Commentary". This reflects the error of the Anabaptists, who exclude kings and magistrates from the Church of God, because Christ declares (663) that they are not like his disciples; though the comparison is here made not between Christians and ungodly men, but between the nature of their offices. E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament. This is what sitting on a ‘throne’ means to them, and it is true even of the most benevolent. "The Treasury of Scripture Knowledge". The government of the Church of Christ is widely different from secular governments. οἱ μεγάλοι] the magnates (Hom. Compare Luke 22:25; where the verb is not the same. Besides, Christ did not look so much at the persons of men as at the condition of his Church. This shows the English words related to the source biblical texts along with brief definitions. BibliographyCalvin, John. “For the kingdom of heaven is like a landowner who went out early in the morning to hire laborers for his vineyard. 1865-1868. BibliographyGill, John. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/cal/matthew-20.html. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bul/matthew-20.html. Abilene Christian University Press, Abilene, Texas, USA. Jesus called them to him, and said] We must (by Christ’s example) advance, cherish concord all we can, among ministers especially, by casting out those mischief makers, emulation and ambition. Broadman Press 1932,33. The popular Jewish expectations, shared by the disciples, were really heathen in their character, substituting might for right, and ambition for the true greatness of service. We’ve made great progress in overcoming hunger, but millions of children around the world still … 25. Indirect middle again, calling to him. "People's New Testament". The full meaning appears when the pyramidal quality of Gentile government is observed. And their important leaders love to use all their authority over the people. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/znt/matthew-20.html. Therefore ye think that it will be the same in the kingdom of the Messiah.— κατακυριεύουσιν [E. V. exercise dominion over]— κατεξουσιάζουσιν [E. V. exercise authority upon]—In both these compound verbs the κατὰ intensifies the signification (see S. V. of Genesis 1:28, and Psalms 72:8), and in this passage distinguishes between the legitimate use and frequent abuse of authority.— οἱ μεγἁλοι, they that are great) sc. Matthew 20:25. Copyright StatementThese files are public domain. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/ice/matthew-20.html. κατακυρ.] And they that are great] The grandees of the earth. See Wakefield and Rosenmuller. He points out to them that it is the way of the world, and especially of the Gentiles who are the very ones who will exercise their power against Him (Matthew 20:19), that rulers lord it over people, and great ones vaunt their authority over people. I reply, if we carefully examine the whole, it will be found that even kings do not rule justly or lawfully, unless they serve; but that the apostolic office differs from earthly government in this respect, that the manner in which kings and magistrates serve does not prevent them from governing, or indeed from rising above their subjects in magnificent pomp and splendor. 25Jesus called them together and said, “You know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their high officials exercise authority over them. What Jesus teaches is the dignity of service in the Kingdom of heaven. μέγας] great, not equivalent to μέγιστος, but in the sense of: to occupy a high and distinguished place among you. The princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion. "Commentary on Matthew 20:25". BibliographyPett, Peter. Text: Matthew 20:20-28. Many have looked upon meekness, lowliness of spirit, or the willingness to yield, with suspicion and perhaps even loathing. Matthew 20:25. προσκαλεσάμενος : Jesus had to call them to Him, therefore they had had the decency not to quarrel in His presence. Christ distinguishes between the apostles and the rank of kings, not because kings have a right to act haughtily, but because the station of royalty is different from the apostolic office. Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. Matthew 20:25 ff. Use this table to get a word-for-word translation of the original Greek Scripture. But Christ appoints pastors of his Church, not to rule, but to serve. 1897. To report dead links, typos, or html errors or suggestions about making these resources more useful use our convenient, Exercise dominion - and - exercise authority upon them -, John Gill's Exposition of the Whole Bible, and said, ye know that the princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion over them, The princes of the Gentiles exercise dominion, Robertson's Word Pictures in the New Testament, Ye know that the rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, Greek Testament Critical Exegetical Commentary, Heinrich Meyer's Critical and Exegetical Commentary on the New Testament, Johann Albrecht Bengel's Gnomon of the New Testament, Matthew Poole's English Annotations on the Holy Bible, Cambridge Greek Testament for Schools and Colleges, ὡς κατακυριεύοντες τῶν κλήρων ἀλλὰ τύποι γενόμενοι τοῦ ποιμνίου, Schaff's Popular Commentary on the New Testament, George Haydock's Catholic Bible Commentary, Ellicott's Commentary for English Readers, E.M. Zerr's Commentary on Selected Books of the New Testament, Commentary Critical and Explanatory - Unabridged, Kretzmann's Popular Commentary of the Bible, Lange's Commentary on the Holy Scriptures. ‘secular princes.’ The Jewish form of government, as ordained by God, was designed to exclude tyranny. Similarly with regard to the κατεξους., which occurs nowhere else, and which may be rendered: they practise violence toward. See Deuteronomy 17:14., to the end. “Ipsis saepe dominis imperantiores,” Beng. If one of you wants to become first, then he must serve you like a slave." BibliographyBengel, Johann Albrecht. Matthew 25:5 While the bridegroom tarried, they all slumbered and slept. Not so shall it be among you: but whosoever would become great among you shall be your minister; and whosoever would be first among you shall be your servant. — Matthew 20:25-26. https:https://www.studylight.org/commentaries/bcc/matthew-20.html. Matthew 6:23 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] Matthew 6:23, NIV: "But if your eyes are unhealthy, your whole body will be full of darkness.If then the light within you is darkness, how great is that darkness!" 1832. Evidently their indignation had been outspoken, but not in the immediate presence of the Lord. Pareus was wont to say, that the only cause of all Church dissensions was, ministers reaching after rule and preeminence, as did Diotrephes.

matthew 20:25 meaning

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