Recycling rate = 24.8%, Recycling & Recovery rate = 81.6% CO2 emission (mainly incineration): 18 million tons (60% of waste sector) [Recycling/treatment] Material Flow of Plastics in Japan [Case study] • 9 industries (incl. The process, known as “thermal recycling,” generates electricity but it also produces carbon dioxide emissions that are bad for the environment, explains Jono. of our consumer societies, they aim to instill an awareness of waste through place-based Bigger cities are also trying to cut down on waste. Of the 540 billion plastic shopping bags used annually worldwide, consumers in Japan get through about 30 billion of them. However, that might be about to change. Larke added, however, that consumers in Japan were genuinely committed to recycling, and that suppliers could reverse customer expectations on plastic packaging if they built that into their marketing. (212) 419-8286 On the other hand, developing economies with a minimal industrial base have recycling rates close to 0%. love affair with them. This In convenience stores across Japan these items all have something in common: they are routinely sold tightly swaddled in plastic wrapping. Dioxins no longer pose a major threat. emerged as a symbol of consumer waste, providing environmental groups with easy Those countries are moving to reduce plastic waste imports, but don’t have an outright ban — yet. of reactionary critics who label uncompromising environmentalists radical or Beyond the humdrum of government talk, however, local-level initiatives are well and truly alive, albeit driving the conversation on environmental action on a much smaller scale. ... recycling rate … is very high and it's already a big achievement," Ms Sakano said. In 2018, Japan caused a stir by joining the US in refusing to sign the G7 Pact to reduce their use of single-use plastics and prevent plastic pollution. She previously worked as a research associate at The Economist, and holds a bachelor's degree from the University of Oxford. Hard boiled eggs. Attitudes are slowly changing. But if the fee was 10 yen (9 cents) or higher it would be different story,” he says. over environmental or ethical concerns. It may even dodge the attacks archipelago occupied by mountains, and much of the rest crowded with people, These Facts and Figures are current through calendar year 2015. Japan has one of the lowest recycling rates in the OECD – but in the absence of government action, community-led initiatives are pushing for change. September 2, 2015. The recycling rate of PET bottles and jars was 26.8 percent in 2018, and the rate for HDPE natural bottles was 29.3 percent in 2018. The residents of Kamikatsu in southern Japan, a town with a population of 1,490, have been following a “zero-waste” policy since 2003. Copyright © 2017-2019 一般社団法人Tokyo Review. countries jumped on board with over a decade ago. The town recycled about 80.7% of the 301 tons of household waste it produced 2019, according to the local council, which is much higher than the national average of 20%, according to data from the OECD. While Japan generates less general waste per person than most developed countries, it produces more plastic waste per person than anywhere in the world, except the US, according to a 2018 United Nations report. Japan recycled 498,000 tonnes of PET bottles in fiscal 2017 and of the 89,000 tonnes of PET resin that was unaccounted for, most was probably recycled in any case according to the Japan Soft Drink Association, but not reported. Residents are also encouraged to avoid single-use products through a scheme that rewards consumers with points when they refuse disposable plastic items like plastic bags, for example, says Midori Suga, a spokeswoman from the Kamikatsu council. In a supply-demand market, this kind of And while the U.S. recycling rate has been increasing over time—it was a mere 6.2 percent 50 years ago—there is more waste being created than ever. It is difficult to gauge environmental degradation often appears wholly absent at the state level in Recycling in Japan (リサイクル, Risaikuru), an aspect of waste management in Japan, is based on the Japanese Container and Packaging Recycling Law. How plastic waste is processed remains extremely variable from country to country, and recycling remains considerably under-used. Japan wants collective action to tackle the ocean plastic crisis at next week’s G-20 summit, although the country still has an obsession with plastic packaging. CEO Noriko Ishizaka experienced the reaction as a child, when her generate enough outreach to impact mainstream consumers and manufacturers. 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