The most prominent among them were Montesquieu, Voltaire and Rousseau. French philosopher. Home; Our Story; Blog; The Caregiver’s Care Package; Home; Our Story; Blog; The Caregiver’s Care Package Francois-Marie Arouet (1694-1778), also known as Voltaire, was no doubt one of the most influential philosophers throughout the entire Enlightenment period. The French Revolution was quite different than the American Revolution both in cause and result. gmhochster. The elite put those ideas into motion. Étienne Cabet (1788-1856) inspired Utopian socialist settlements in America. Voltaire was quite controversial in his day, in no small part because of the critical nature of his work. 07 November 1913. French Revolution Philosophers. They inspired the common mass of France with their revolutionary ideas and prepared them to fight against injustices. Voices of the Revolution: Two Great Thinkers. Maurice Cranston | Published in History Today Volume 39 Issue 5 May 1989 Paine supported the French revolutionary cause and defended the Enlightenment and the French philosophers. The French Revolution: Ideas and Ideologies The philosophe may have laid the egg, but was the bird hatched of a different breed? Michel Foucault. Rousseau befriended fellow philosophy writer Denis Diderot in 1742, and would later write about Diderot's romantic troubles in his Confessions. However, the French Revolution was similar in that it hailed the principles of Enlightenment thinking. The founder of positivism was Auguste Comte (1798-1857). Baron de Montesquieu. This course covers French politics, culture, and society from Louis XIV to Napoleon Bonaparte. The French Revolution was a watershed event in modern European history that began in 1789 and ended in the late 1790s with the ascent of Napoleon Bonaparte. Philosopher. Thomas Hobbes. (2) Jean Jacques Rousseau wrote ‘The Social Contract’. Prominent French intellectuals carried the cause of enlightenment forward like Montesquieu; Voltaire, Rousseau, Diderot, Quesnay, Tourge and D ‘Alembert. a. Ans. Montesquieu rejected the theory of the Divine Right of Kings and urged for separation of powers. Jean-Jacques Rousseau Swiss-born but appropriated by the French as the intellectual father of their 1789 revolution: his writings on human freedom, equality, popular sovereignty and the return … Maurice Cranston discusses the intellectual origins and development of the French Revolution. The French Revolution was a seminal moment in European history that had wide-felt impact. 15 October 1926. Philosophers introduced new ideas to the literate elite. Role of philosophers in the French Revolution: (1) John Locke wrote ‘Two Treatises of Government’ and criticized the divine and absolute rights of the ruler. Additionally, France’s involvement in the American Revolution, along with extravagant spending practices by King Louis XVI … Voltaire used both wit and sarcasm to prove his points against injustice and cruelty. François Charles Fourier (1772-1837) was a French socialist much admired by Marx. Attention is given to the growth of the central state, the beginnings of a modern consumer society, the Enlightenment, the French Revolution, including its origins, and the rise and fall of Napoleon. First Published: August 28, 2016 | Last Updated:August 28, 2016. Explain the role of thinkers and philosophers in the French Revolution. During the period of the French Revolution, Rousseau was the most popular of the philosophers among members of the Jacobin Club. Role of John Locke in French Revolution. During this period, French citizens razed and redesigned their countrys political landscape, uprooting centuries-old institutions such as absolute monarchy and the feudal system. In the 18th century, many French thinkers who inspired the French Revolution of 1789-1799 AD, including François Marie Arroy, known as Voltaire, Jean-Jacques Rousseau, Montesquieu, and Denis Diderot, emerged in the 18th century.